时态 一般现在 基本形式 Do /does 基本用法 1. 现在阶段经常性 反复性发生的 动作 2. 目前的状态 3. 客观真理 特殊用法 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 表将来（主将从现） 比赛 表演进程中的讲解 剧本图片的说明文字 时刻表 I don’t care, I don’t mind, it doesn’t matter, make sure 一般过去 did 1. 过去某时间发生的动作或状态 2. 过去的习惯动作或经常性动作 1. since 的时间状语中用过去时 2. it is high time that 用过去式表示对 现在和将来的虚拟 3. would rather that 4. I didn’t know…. 5. I didn’t realize … 1. be going to 2. be about to do 3. be to do 1. 与 always ，all the time 连用表示某 种情感 2. 表将来 1. What did you say? I was just talking to myself. 2. 进行时与 always 等词连用 一般将来 Will do 1. 将来的某时间发生的动作 2. 将来的习惯动作或经常性动作 1. 此时此刻或目前一段时间正在进 行的动作 1. 过去某一时间正在进行 2. 预计将要发生 与移动性的词连用 was going to 将来某时间正在进行的动作 1. 表过去发生的动作对现在造成的 影响和结果 2. 动作的持续或重复 1. 2. 表示过去的过去 与 by..的时间状语连用 现在进行 Am/is doing 过去进行 Was/ were doing 将来进行 现在完成 Will be doing Have/has done 1. it is the first time that… 2. 过去完成 Had done 1. had intended （ want, plan, think, suppose, hope 等）+to do 2. no sooner… than 3. hardly…. When… 4. would rather that 将来完成 Will have done 1. 将来某时间发生之前已经完成 与 by …的时间状语连用 过去的动作一直持续到现在，此动作 可能仍在进行，也可能刚刚停止 动作发生在过去的过去，一直持 续到过去某一点时间，该动作可能刚 刚结束，也有可能还在进行 现在完成进 行 过去完成进 行 Have/ has been doing Had been doing 将来完成进 行 Will have doing been 动作发生在过去并持续到将来
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. the article describes social problems. the plane takes off at five o’clock pm. she has never called on me since she moved to the country. Mike is coming home on Thursday. she is constantly leaving things about. she was always changing her mind. what will you be doing this time tomorrow. so far she has written five books. we have seen each other three times in the past three weeks. by seven o ‘clock they had worked for fourteen hours. I had intended to come over to see you last night , but someone called and I couldn’t get away. hardly had we begun when we were told to stop. the would rather you had left yesterday. I shall have finished it by next Friday. I have been learning English for ten years. I don’t care whether he comes or not.