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英语十六种时态表格总结

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英语时态表 —— 一般现在时、一般过去时 时态 名称 结构 常连用的词 主要用法 例句 陈述句:I am an office worker. He is so lazy. They are at home now. 否定句: I am not Tim. She is not very beautiful. They are not in the office. 一般疑问句:Are you an officeassistant? Is she beautiful? often; usually; 2 行为动词用 every…; V 原形或 sometimes; 一般 V-s/es,引导 always; 现在 疑问句和否 never; 时 定句,用 do once/twice/… a 或 don’t; 第三 week/month/year; 人称时用 on does 或 Sundays/Mondays/….; doesn’t,有 does 出现动 词用原形;第 三人称陈述 句 V 后加 s 或 es. 1 be 动词用 am/is/are 表 示,之后接名 词,形容词或 介词。

一般现在时 表示没有时 限的持久存 在的习惯性 的动作或状 态,或现阶段 反复发生的 动作或状态 陈述句:I work in Shanghai. He works at home. Davy never watches TV at home. 否定句: I don’t like the food in KFC. Davy doesn’t like the food in KFC either. 一般疑问句: Do you want a cup of coffee? Does she live near thesubway station? 1.be 动词用 过去式 was 或 yesterday; were 表示。

the day before yesterday; 一般 last 过去 2 行为动词用 week/month/year/….; 时。

V-ed,陈述 … ago; 句,疑问句和 a moment ago; just now; 否定句借助 于 did,有 did on/in+过去的时间; 出现动词用 原形。

在过去时间 里所发生的 动作或存在 的状态。

陈述句:I was a big boss.He was beautiful. We were in Beijing last year. 否定句: I was not at home at that moment. We were not at work yesterday. 一般疑问句: Were you a teacher? Was she in the office last week? 陈述句:I worked in Sunmoon. We stud English there. He lived inHongKong. 否定句: I didn’t work here. They didn’t see me. She liked English a lot. 一般疑问句: Did you go to America? Did he work in Sunmoon? 1

英语时态表——一般将来时、过去将来时 时态 名称 结构 常连用的词 主要用法 例句 陈述句:I will fly to KongKong tomorrow. He will go with us. We will arrive in Shanghai next week. 否定句:I will never believe you again. He will not come tonight. We will not buy a car next year. 一般疑问句:Will you go there by train? Will he come tomorrow? Will they live a five-star hotel? 陈述句:I’m going to go to Kongkong by air. 否定句:We are not going to buy a house here. 一般疑问句:Are they going to change their jobs? 特殊疑问句:How are you going to tell him? 陈述句:I was going to buy a computer. They told me that they were not going to goabroad. 否定句:I was not going to buy a computer. He said he would come in in Shanghai. I said I would buy you a car one day. tomorrow, 1 任何人称+will+V the day after tomorrow; 原形. soon; 一般 即将发生 next 将来 动作或状 week/month/year/...; 时 态。

the week/month/year/... 2 is/am/are+going after next; to+V 原形,表示计 on/in +将来的时间; 划打算做什么事情。

in+一段时间;. 过去 was/were going to 将来 +V 原形 时 任何人称+would +V 原形 多用在宾语从句中 在过去将 会发生的 动作。

2

英语时态表——现在进行时、过去进行时 时态 名称 结构 常连用的词 主要用法 例句 现在 进行 is/am/are+V-ing 时 now; at present; at the moment; Look!(放在句首); Listen! (放在句首); 陈述句:I’m waiting for my boy friend. He is doing the housework at home now. 表示现在 We are enjoying ourselves. ( 指说话 否定句:He is not playing toys. 人说话时) 一般疑问句:Are you having dinner at 正在发生 home? 的事情。

Is Tim cooking in the kitchen? 特殊疑问句:What are you doing now? Where are they having a meal? 陈述句:I was doing my homework at that time. We were having a party while he was sleeping. 否定句:He was not sleeping at 11 o’clock lastnight. 一般疑问句: Were you watching TV at that time? 特殊疑问句: What were you doing at that moment? 过去 进行 was/were+V-ing 时 at that time; at this time yesterday; at+时间点 +yesterday/lastnight; at that moment; 过去一段 时间正在 发生的动 作。

3

英语时态表 —— 现在完成时、过去完成时 时态 名称 结构 常连用的词 主要用法 用来表示之 前已发生或 完成的动作 或状态,其 结果的确和 现在有联 系。

动作或 状态发生在 过去但它的 影响现在还 存在;也可 表示持续到 现在的动作 或状态。

简 单的说,就 是动作已经 发生对现在 造成明显的 影响。

例句 already; just; before; yet(否定句中);ever; never; once/twice/… for+一段时间; since +时间点; since+一段时间+ago; have/has+ p.p(过去分 by+现在时间; 词) so far; up to now; till 现在 now; until now; 完成 recently/lately; 时 during/over/in thepast/last…. 陈述句:I have already told Davy. Davy has known thismatter. He has lived here for nearly 10 years. 否定句:I haven’t finished my homework.. Tim hasn’t come yet. We haven’t heard any news about him 一般疑问句: Has he worked here since he came here? 特殊疑问句: How long have you worked in thiscompany? 1.have/has always been+名词/形容词/介词:总是或一直是什么样子。

He has always been a good father. I have always been busy. They have always been in America. 特别注意: 2.have/has gone to:去了。

He has gone to Beijing. They have gone to the cinema. 3. have/has been to:表示去过或到过。

I have been to Canada. Have you been to Hongkong? Where have you been? I have never been here. 陈述句:He said he had told Davy. They told us they had finished the work. 过去的过去: He left the office after he had called Davy. 过去 动作发生在 by+过去的时间; 否定句:She hadn’t had dinner before she went had + p.p 完成 过去的过 (过去分词) 表“过去某动作或时间以 out. 时 去。

前”的时间状语。

一般疑问句:Had she learnt English before she movedhere? 特殊疑问句:how many English words had he 4

learnt by theend of last year? 英语时态表 —— 英语时态举例! Simple Present 一般现在时 Simple Past 一般过去时 Simple Future 一般将来时 句子结构:主语+will+V. If you are having problems, I will help you study English. 句子结构:主语+V I study English everyday. 我每天都学习英语. 句子结构:主语+V-ed Two years ago, I stud English in America. 两年前,我在美国学英语. I’m going to study English next year. 我明年将开始学习英语. Present Continuous 现在进行时 Past Continuous 过去进行时 Future Continuous 将来进行时 句子结构:主语+will be+doing I will be studying English when you arrive tonight. 明晚你来的时候,我会正在学习英语. 句子结构:主语+be going to+be+doing 如果你在学习英语当中,遇到问题,我 将帮助你. 句子结构:主语+be going to+V 句子结构:主语 +was/were+doing 句子结构:主语+be+doing I was studying English when I am studyingEnglish now. you called yeaterday. 我正在学习英语. 你昨天给我打电话的时候,我正在 学习英语. 5

I’m going to be studying English when you arrive tonight. 同上. Present Perfect 现在完成时 Past Perfect 过去完成时 Future Perfect 将来完成时 句子结构:主语+will+have done I will have stud every tense by the time I finish this course. 句子结构:主语+have/has done I have stud English in several different countries. 在一些国家,我已经学习了英语. 句子结构:主语+had done 在我完成这个课程的时候,我已经能 完成英语时态的学习了. I had stud a little English before I moved to the U.S. 句子结构:主语+be going to+have done 在我搬去美国之前,我已经学习了 一点英语. I’m going to have stud every tense by the time I finish this course. 同上. Present Perfect Continuous 现在完成进行时 Past Perfect Continuous 过去完成进行时 句子结构:主语+hadbeen doing Future Perfect Continuous 将来完成进行时 句子结构:主语+will have been doing I will have been studying English for over three hours by the time you arrive. 句子结构:主语+have/has been doing I have been studying English for ten years. I had been studying English for ten years before I moved to the U.S. 在我搬去美国之前,我已经学习了 6

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